l Nokia and Apple trade accusations in patent lawsuits
itMYti.com < New IT WebNews
Category: news    |    Added: 2016-12-21 17:55:03    |    View: 135

The companies are at odds over fair licensing of the H.264 video codec and other technologies.

160816 win10

Microsoft's Windows 10 Mobile running on a Nokia 640 XL.

Credit: Martyn Williams
"; adDivString = "
" + adString + "
"; IDG.GPT.defineGoogleTagSlot(slotName ,[[320,50],[300,250],[300,50]]); } placementDiff = applyInsert($(this), adDivString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("Just placed an ad and the placementDiff is: " + placementDiff); } placementTarget = cumulativeHeight + placementDiff + INTERMODULE_HEIGHT + AD_HEIGHT_BUFFER; } else if (moduleCounter < articleDRRModuleList.length){ var elementId = "drr-mod-"+moduleCounter; var moduleDivString = "
"; modules.push(elementId); placementDiff = applyInsert($(this), moduleDivString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("Just placed a module and the placementDiff is: " + placementDiff); } placementTarget = cumulativeHeight + placementDiff + INTERMODULE_HEIGHT + MODULE_HEIGHT_BUFFER; moduleCounter++; } loopCounter++; } // Avoid placing elements too soon due to non-large figures inflating the cumulative height if ($(this).is("figure") && !$(this).is("figure.large")) { cumulativeHeight += GRAF_HEIGHT; } else { cumulativeHeight += $(this).height() + GRAF_HEIGHT; } } }); // end $("#drr-container").children().each() // clone Related Stories module to come in after eighth para in article body for mobile breakpoint display var $relatedStories = $('.related-promo-wrapper'); if ($relatedStories.length) { var $relatedStoriesClone = $relatedStories.clone(); $relatedStoriesClone.insertAfter( "#drr-container > p:eq(7)"); } // For mobile only, place ad after second paragraph. if (firstMobileAdHtml) { $(firstMobileAdHtml).insertAfter("#drr-container > p:eq(1)"); } var $insiderPromo = $('.insider-promo-wrapper'); if ($insiderPromo.length) { var $insiderPromoClone = $insiderPromo.clone(); $insiderPromoClone.insertAfter( "#drr-container > p:eq(1)"); } IDG.GPT.trackOmniture(); // Add Right rail module content var placeModule = function( data ) { var placementId = $(data).attr("data-placement-id"); $( "#"+placementId ).html( data ); }; for (i=0; i" + adString + "
"; } /** * @param jqo Original jquery object target * @param divString The div to be inserted. * @return Difference in height between original placement target and final target. * Checks first 6 elements for an allowable placement (600 pixel window). * If none, place element in first location that does not follow a reject element. */ function applyInsert(jqo, divString) { if (DEBUG) { console.log("applyInsert at top and jqo index is: " + jqo.index()); } for (var i=0; i<=6; i++) { $thisElement = jqo.nextAll().andSelf().slice(i, i+1); if (DEBUG) { console.log("Checking first six and i is: " + i + " and this element index is " + $thisElement.index() ); } if ($thisElement.index() < 0) { break; } if (allowPlacement($thisElement)) { return addElement(jqo, $thisElement, divString); } } if (DEBUG) { console.log("No nearby allows so just place in first spot that is not after reject."); } var numElements = jqo.nextAll().length; var startIndex = jqo.index(); for (var i=startIndex; i<=numElements; i++) { var $element = $("#drr-container").children().eq(i); // This element is eligible when not null, not in placement index, and previous element is not reject if ($element != null && (placementIndex == null || placementIndex.indexOf(i) == -1) && !isReject($element.prev())) { return addElement(jqo, $element, divString); } } if (DEBUG) { console.log("Not going to place element: return 0."); } return 0; } /** * @param jqo Original jquery object * @param allowElement Element that is good placement for module/ad * @param divString The div to be inserted before the good element * @return placementHeightDiff Diff in height between original placement target and current target. * * If element is not too close to the end the insert the div before allowable element. * Add element index to placementIndex to keep track of which elements already have placements */ function addElement(jqo, allowElement, divString) { var offset = allowElement.index() - jqo.index(); if (DEBUG) { console.log("addElement: jqo index is " + jqo.index() + " allowElement index is " + allowElement.index()); } if (elementNotNearEnd(allowElement, RIGHT_PIXEL_WINDOW)) { allowElement.before(divString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("addElement: Adding " + allowElement.index() + " to placementIndex."); } placementIndex.push(allowElement.index()); if (offset == 0) { return 0; } else { return getHeightDifference(jqo,allowElement); } } else { if (DEBUG) { console.log("addElement: Near the end so do NOT add."); } return 0; } } function getHeightDifference(jqo,allowElement) { var offset = allowElement.index() - jqo.index(), height = 0, children = null; if (offset > 0) { children = $("#drr-container").children().slice(jqo.index(), allowElement.index()); } else { children = $("#drr-container").children().slice(allowElement.index(), jqo.index()); } if (children != null) { children.each(function(i) { if (DEBUG) { console.log("About to add this element's height to heigh diff offset"); console.log($(this)); } height += $(this).height() + GRAF_HEIGHT; }); } if (offset < 0) { height *= -1; } if (DEBUG) { console.log("getHeightDifference: offset was " + offset + " and height diff is : " + height); } return height; } function allowPlacement(jqo) { if (jqo.prev() != null && isReject(jqo.prev())) { return false; } return true; } function isReject(jqo) { if (jqo != null) { if (jqo.is('h2') || jqo.is('h3') || jqo.is('h4') || jqo.is('h5')) { if (DEBUG) { console.log("isReject: found header"); } return true; } } return false; } // Returns true if height of all elements after this one is more than 500; false otherwise function elementNotNearEnd(element, pixelWindow) { if (pixelWindow === null) { pixelWindow = 500; } if (element === null) { return false; } var remainingHeight = 0, children = $("#drr-container").children().slice(element.index()); if (children === null) { return false; } children.each(function(i){ remainingHeight += $(this).height(); }); if ( remainingHeight > pixelWindow) { return true; } else { if (DEBUG) { console.log("Element too close to end. Remaining height is: " + remainingHeight + " and window is " + pixelWindow); } return false; } } } // end function executeDRRMobile() function executeDRRDesktop() { var heroImgHeight = $('figure.hero-img').outerHeight(true); if (heroImgHeight === null) { heroImgHeight = 0; } var galleryItemHeight = $('figure.thm-gallery').outerHeight(true); if (galleryItemHeight === null) { galleryItemHeight = 0; } var atAglanceTop = $('.at-a-glance.top').height(); if (atAglanceTop === null) { atAglanceTop = 0; } var drrContainerHeight = $('div#drr-container').outerHeight(true); var topIMUheight = $('#topimu').height(); if (topIMUheight === 0) { topIMUheight = 600; } var relatedPromoHeight = $('div.related-promo-wrapper').outerHeight(true); if (relatedPromoHeight === null) { relatedPromoHeight = 0; } var videoHowtoHeight = $('div#video-howto-wrapper').outerHeight(true); if (videoHowtoHeight === null) { videoHowtoHeight = 0; } var teadsInreadHeight = $('div.teads-inread').height(); if (teadsInreadHeight === null) { teadsInreadHeight = 0; } var unrulyAdHeight = $('.unruly_in_article_placement').height(); if (unrulyAdHeight === null) { unrulyAdHeight = 0; } //just in case the in article ads are picked up... var collapsibleAdHeight = unrulyAdHeight + teadsInreadHeight; var workingRRheight = ( (heroImgHeight + galleryItemHeight + atAglanceTop + drrContainerHeight) - (topIMUheight + relatedPromoHeight + videoHowtoHeight) ); workingRRheight = workingRRheight - collapsibleAdHeight; var DEBUG = false; if (DEBUG) { console.log('-----working RR height = ' + workingRRheight); } var articleDRRModuleList = ["dealposts","products.latest-reviews"], moduleUrls = [], modules = [], moduleCounter = 0, loopCounter = 0; var adPositions = new Array(0,1,3); // IMU, IMU, module, IMU, module if (false) { var dealpostsIdx = articleDRRModuleList.indexOf("dealposts"); if (dealpostsIdx > -1) { articleDRRModuleList.splice(dealpostsIdx, 1); adPositions = [0, 1, 2]; } } for (var i=0; i 650) { numItems = 1; } if (workingRRheight > 1350) { numItems = 2; } if (workingRRheight > 2300) { numItems = 3; } if (workingRRheight > 2950) { numItems = 4; } if (workingRRheight > 3650) { numItems = 5; } for (var currIndex=0;currIndex
"; adDivString = "
" + adString + "
"; IDG.GPT.defineGoogleTagSlot(slotName ,[[320,50],[300,250],[300,50]]); } //$('#drr-container > p').first().before(adDivString); //$('#drr-top-ad').append(adDivString); $(adDivString).appendTo('#drr-top-ad'); if (DEBUG) { console.log("-----Just placed an AD currIndex = " + currIndex); } } else if (moduleCounter < articleDRRModuleList.length){ var elementId = "drr-mod-"+moduleCounter; var moduleDivString = "
"; modules.push(elementId); //$('#drr-container > p').first().before(moduleDivString); $('#drr-top-ad').append(moduleDivString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("-----Just placed a MODULE and currIndex = " + currIndex); } moduleCounter++; } } //end for loop IDG.GPT.trackOmniture(); // Add Right rail module content var placeModule = function( data ) { var placementId = $(data).attr("data-placement-id"); $( "#"+placementId ).html( data ); }; for (i=0; i" + adString + "
"; } } // end function executeDRRDesktop()

An international patent dispute has broken out between Apple and Nokia over the Finnish mobile network vendor’s licensing terms for the widely used H.264 video codec and other technologies.

Nokia on Wednesday filed lawsuits against Apple in Germany and in the U.S., alleging that the smartphone giant has infringed 32 of its patents.

Nokia’s five lawsuits follow an Apple lawsuit filed in California Tuesday. The U.S. company accused Nokia of working with patent assertion firms Acacia Research and Conversant Intellectual Property Management to “extract and extort exorbitant revenues unfairly and anticompetitively” from Apple and other smartphone makers. Nokia was not named as one of eight defendants in the Apple lawsuit.

Nokia’s patent infringement lawsuits, filed with the Regional Courts in Dusseldorf, Mannheim and Munich in Germany and the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, cover patents related to displays, user interfaces, software, antennas, chipsets, and video coding, Nokia said Wednesday.

Nokia is planning to file more lawsuits in other jurisdictions, the company said in a press release.

The eight patents covered in one of Nokia’s Texas lawsuits, filed Wednesday, are related to the H.264 Advanced Video Coding standard approved by the International Telecommunication Union, according to Nokia’s complaint. A second Texas lawsuit covers 10 patents for a range of other technologies.

Apple products using the H.264 video codec include the iPhone, iPad, iPod, Apple Watch, Macs, and Apple TV, Nokia said in its complaint.

“Despite all the advantages that have been enjoyed by Apple, Apple has steadfastly refused to agree to license Nokia’s H.264 patents on reasonable terms,” Nokia’s lawyers wrote. “Dozens of companies have licensed Nokia’s patents for use in their products ... Apple, however, refuses to pay Nokia’s established royalty rates.”

Apple did not immediately respond to a request for a comment on the lawsuits.

As part of the ITU standards process, Nokia agreed to grant licenses for the H.264 decoder on reasonable and nondiscriminatory, or RAND, terms, the company said. However, the ITU standard covers only the decoder, and not the encoder, the complaint said.

Nokia has offered Apple a license for the encoder technology on RAND terms, but Apple has refused to pay, the company asserted.

“Nokia has negotiated in good faith and made substantial efforts to enter into a license agreement with Apple on reasonable and non-discriminatory terms,” its lawyers wrote.

Nokia research has contributed to “fundamental technologies” used in Apple products, Ilkka Rahnasto, head of Patent Business at Nokia, said in a press release. “After several years of negotiations trying to reach agreement to cover Apple’s use of these patents, we are now taking action to defend our rights.”

Apple’s lawsuit, meanwhile, alleges that Nokia is working with outside patent assertion firms to skirt its RAND patent commitments to standards bodies.

Nokia promised it would “license its patents fairly,” Apple’s lawyers wrote. Nokia is working with the patent lawsuit filers on a “scheme to diffuse and abuse” the company’s patents by extracting “exorbitant” royalties, they alleged in their complaint.

Nokia’s aggressive patent licensing efforts came after the company largely exited the smartphone-making business, Apple’s lawyers wrote.

“Unable to compete with innovative companies such as Apple—which had developed a revolutionary hardware and software platform—Nokia quickly transformed itself,” Apple’s lawyers wrote. “It changed from a company focused on supplying cell phones and other consumer products to a company bent on exploiting the patents that remain from its years as a successful cell phone supplier.”

Acacia and Conversant didn’t immediately respond to requests for comments on the Apple lawsuit. 

The Apple lawsuit is “unrelated to our own complaints” against the company, a Nokia spokesman said by email.  “By failing to agree to terms, Apple is seeking an unfair advantage over our other licensees and we are taking steps to protect our inventions and defend our rights,” he added.

To comment on this article and other PCWorld content, visit our Facebook page or our Twitter feed.
Shop Tech Products at Amazon
Notice to our Readers
We're now using social media to take your comments and feedback. Learn more about this here.
source: Pcworld
Category: review    |    4 hours ago    |    View: 30

What's the best VPN for your Mac? Here are the top recommendations based on our testing.

Category: news    |    4 hours ago    |    View: 0

Google has always prided itself on its free services. Gmail, Google Docs, and YouTube are all technically free to the public. However, that's about to change ever so slightly for European Android device makers.

Category: news    |    4 hours ago    |    View: 0

Netflix shares shot up more than 12 percent in after-hours trading on Tuesday following the release of its favorable third-quarter earnings report.

Category: news    |    5 hours ago    |    View: 8

They were led to the impromptu grave site by a GPS system they had found in stepfather Wesley Hadsell’s van. Also found in the vehicle were a dirty shovel, gloves, and duct tape. The evidence was circumstantial but was enough&hellip;

Category: news    |    6 hours ago    |    View: 4

Winamp, the standalone music player synonymous with late 90s computing, is making a comeback.

Category: news    |    7 hours ago    |    View: 55

Amazon on Tuesday introduced a reimagined version of its popular Kindle Paperwhite e-reader featuring a waterproof design and twice the storage of its predecessor.

Category: news    |    7 hours ago    |    View: 0

If you kept up on tech news during 2017, you probably remember that many outlets -- us included -- covered the "death" of net neutrality in December, when the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) led by Chairman Ajit Pai controversially voted&hellip;

Category: news    |    8 hours ago    |    View: 145

Last Saturday VG24/7 reported that a malicious PlayStation 4 messaging bug had been discovered and was “bricking consoles.” It urged users to change their privacy settings to either Friends or No One for messages until Sony could fix the problem.

Category: news    |    9 hours ago    |    View: 78

Facebook is developing a camera-equipped device under the codename Ripley that’s part webcam, part set-top box.

Category: news    |    9 hours ago    |    View: 0

We've known Discord has been gunning for Steam for several months now. The creators of the popular gaming-focused communications app announced their own in-app game storefront back in August.




Download Latest PC Softwares

Category: converters    |    Added: 17 hours ago    |    View: 15
Acme CAD Converter 2019 Free Download - downloadwise.com

Acme CAD Converter 2019 Free Download Latest Version for Windows. It is full offline installer standalone setup of Acme CAD Converter 2019.

 

Category: complex-processing    |    Added: 17 hours ago    |    View: 1
MAXQDA Analytics Pro 2018 Free Download - downloadwise.com

MAXQDA Analytics Pro 2018 Free Download Latest Version. It is full offline installer standalone setup of MAXQDA Analytics Pro 2018.

 

Category: bentley-openroads-designer-connect-edition-2018-free-download    |    Added: 17 hours ago    |    View: 1
Bentley OpenRoads Designer CONNECT Edition 2018 Free Download - downloadwise.com

Bentley OpenRoads Designer CONNECT Edition 2018 Free Download. It is full offline installer standalone setup of Bentley OpenRoads Designer.

Bentley OpenRoads Designer CONNECT Edition 2018 Free Download
OpenRoads Designer , the name of the software engineering and specialized in the field of road construction. The software is known to you as one of the most powerful software in the field. Using this software, users will be able to design advanced design concepts. The benefit of this software comes from countless capabilities, along with a plethora of tools that help you to no longer use other software and will actually need you out of any other tool.

Category: sweet-home-3d-6-free-download    |    Added: 17 hours ago    |    View: 1
Sweet Home 3D 6 Free Download - downloadwise.com

Sweet Home 3D 6 Free Download Latest Version for Windows. It is full offline installer standalone setup of Sweet Home 3D 6.

 

Category: scrivener-1-9-9-0-free-download    |    Added: 17 hours ago    |    View: 1
Scrivener 1.9.9.0 Free Download - downloadwise.com

Scrivener 1.9.9.0 Free Download Latest Version for Windows. It is full offline installer standalone setup of Scrivener 1.9.9.0.

 

Category: autoform-plus-r7-free-download    |    Added: 17 hours ago    |    View: 0
AutoForm Plus R7 Free Download - downloadwise.com

AutoForm Plus R7 Free Download Latest Version for Windows. It is full offline installer standalone setup of AutoForm Plus R7.

AutoForm Plus R7 Free Download

Category: trimble-tilos-v10-1-free-download    |    Added: 20 hours ago    |    View: 3
Trimble TILOS v10.1 Free Download - downloadwise.com

Trimble TILOS v10.1 Free Download Latest Version for Windows. It is full offline installer standalone setup of Trimble TILOS v10.1.