l U.S. collects social media information from select visitors
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Category: news    |    Added: 2016-12-23 06:55:04    |    View: 90

The move had been criticized as encroaching on the privacy of the visitors

Social media on mobile

Social media on mobile devices.

Credit: International Data Group
"; adDivString = "
" + adString + "
"; IDG.GPT.defineGoogleTagSlot(slotName ,[[320,50],[300,250],[300,50]]); } placementDiff = applyInsert($(this), adDivString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("Just placed an ad and the placementDiff is: " + placementDiff); } placementTarget = cumulativeHeight + placementDiff + INTERMODULE_HEIGHT + AD_HEIGHT_BUFFER; } else if (moduleCounter < articleDRRModuleList.length){ var elementId = "drr-mod-"+moduleCounter; var moduleDivString = "
"; modules.push(elementId); placementDiff = applyInsert($(this), moduleDivString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("Just placed a module and the placementDiff is: " + placementDiff); } placementTarget = cumulativeHeight + placementDiff + INTERMODULE_HEIGHT + MODULE_HEIGHT_BUFFER; moduleCounter++; } loopCounter++; } // Avoid placing elements too soon due to non-large figures inflating the cumulative height if ($(this).is("figure") && !$(this).is("figure.large")) { cumulativeHeight += GRAF_HEIGHT; } else { cumulativeHeight += $(this).height() + GRAF_HEIGHT; } } }); // end $("#drr-container").children().each() // clone Related Stories module to come in after eighth para in article body for mobile breakpoint display var $relatedStories = $('.related-promo-wrapper'); if ($relatedStories.length) { var $relatedStoriesClone = $relatedStories.clone(); $relatedStoriesClone.insertAfter( "#drr-container > p:eq(7)"); } // For mobile only, place ad after second paragraph. if (firstMobileAdHtml) { $(firstMobileAdHtml).insertAfter("#drr-container > p:eq(1)"); } var $insiderPromo = $('.insider-promo-wrapper'); if ($insiderPromo.length) { var $insiderPromoClone = $insiderPromo.clone(); $insiderPromoClone.insertAfter( "#drr-container > p:eq(1)"); } IDG.GPT.trackOmniture(); // Add Right rail module content var placeModule = function( data ) { var placementId = $(data).attr("data-placement-id"); $( "#"+placementId ).html( data ); }; for (i=0; i" + adString + "
"; } /** * @param jqo Original jquery object target * @param divString The div to be inserted. * @return Difference in height between original placement target and final target. * Checks first 6 elements for an allowable placement (600 pixel window). * If none, place element in first location that does not follow a reject element. */ function applyInsert(jqo, divString) { if (DEBUG) { console.log("applyInsert at top and jqo index is: " + jqo.index()); } for (var i=0; i<=6; i++) { $thisElement = jqo.nextAll().andSelf().slice(i, i+1); if (DEBUG) { console.log("Checking first six and i is: " + i + " and this element index is " + $thisElement.index() ); } if ($thisElement.index() < 0) { break; } if (allowPlacement($thisElement)) { return addElement(jqo, $thisElement, divString); } } if (DEBUG) { console.log("No nearby allows so just place in first spot that is not after reject."); } var numElements = jqo.nextAll().length; var startIndex = jqo.index(); for (var i=startIndex; i<=numElements; i++) { var $element = $("#drr-container").children().eq(i); // This element is eligible when not null, not in placement index, and previous element is not reject if ($element != null && (placementIndex == null || placementIndex.indexOf(i) == -1) && !isReject($element.prev())) { return addElement(jqo, $element, divString); } } if (DEBUG) { console.log("Not going to place element: return 0."); } return 0; } /** * @param jqo Original jquery object * @param allowElement Element that is good placement for module/ad * @param divString The div to be inserted before the good element * @return placementHeightDiff Diff in height between original placement target and current target. * * If element is not too close to the end the insert the div before allowable element. * Add element index to placementIndex to keep track of which elements already have placements */ function addElement(jqo, allowElement, divString) { var offset = allowElement.index() - jqo.index(); if (DEBUG) { console.log("addElement: jqo index is " + jqo.index() + " allowElement index is " + allowElement.index()); } if (elementNotNearEnd(allowElement, RIGHT_PIXEL_WINDOW)) { allowElement.before(divString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("addElement: Adding " + allowElement.index() + " to placementIndex."); } placementIndex.push(allowElement.index()); if (offset == 0) { return 0; } else { return getHeightDifference(jqo,allowElement); } } else { if (DEBUG) { console.log("addElement: Near the end so do NOT add."); } return 0; } } function getHeightDifference(jqo,allowElement) { var offset = allowElement.index() - jqo.index(), height = 0, children = null; if (offset > 0) { children = $("#drr-container").children().slice(jqo.index(), allowElement.index()); } else { children = $("#drr-container").children().slice(allowElement.index(), jqo.index()); } if (children != null) { children.each(function(i) { if (DEBUG) { console.log("About to add this element's height to heigh diff offset"); console.log($(this)); } height += $(this).height() + GRAF_HEIGHT; }); } if (offset < 0) { height *= -1; } if (DEBUG) { console.log("getHeightDifference: offset was " + offset + " and height diff is : " + height); } return height; } function allowPlacement(jqo) { if (jqo.prev() != null && isReject(jqo.prev())) { return false; } return true; } function isReject(jqo) { if (jqo != null) { if (jqo.is('h2') || jqo.is('h3') || jqo.is('h4') || jqo.is('h5')) { if (DEBUG) { console.log("isReject: found header"); } return true; } } return false; } // Returns true if height of all elements after this one is more than 500; false otherwise function elementNotNearEnd(element, pixelWindow) { if (pixelWindow === null) { pixelWindow = 500; } if (element === null) { return false; } var remainingHeight = 0, children = $("#drr-container").children().slice(element.index()); if (children === null) { return false; } children.each(function(i){ remainingHeight += $(this).height(); }); if ( remainingHeight > pixelWindow) { return true; } else { if (DEBUG) { console.log("Element too close to end. Remaining height is: " + remainingHeight + " and window is " + pixelWindow); } return false; } } } // end function executeDRRMobile() function executeDRRDesktop() { var heroImgHeight = $('figure.hero-img').outerHeight(true); if (heroImgHeight === null) { heroImgHeight = 0; } var galleryItemHeight = $('figure.thm-gallery').outerHeight(true); if (galleryItemHeight === null) { galleryItemHeight = 0; } var atAglanceTop = $('.at-a-glance.top').height(); if (atAglanceTop === null) { atAglanceTop = 0; } var drrContainerHeight = $('div#drr-container').outerHeight(true); var topIMUheight = $('#topimu').height(); if (topIMUheight === 0) { topIMUheight = 600; } var relatedPromoHeight = $('div.related-promo-wrapper').outerHeight(true); if (relatedPromoHeight === null) { relatedPromoHeight = 0; } var videoHowtoHeight = $('div#video-howto-wrapper').outerHeight(true); if (videoHowtoHeight === null) { videoHowtoHeight = 0; } var teadsInreadHeight = $('div.teads-inread').height(); if (teadsInreadHeight === null) { teadsInreadHeight = 0; } var unrulyAdHeight = $('.unruly_in_article_placement').height(); if (unrulyAdHeight === null) { unrulyAdHeight = 0; } //just in case the in article ads are picked up... var collapsibleAdHeight = unrulyAdHeight + teadsInreadHeight; var workingRRheight = ( (heroImgHeight + galleryItemHeight + atAglanceTop + drrContainerHeight) - (topIMUheight + relatedPromoHeight + videoHowtoHeight) ); workingRRheight = workingRRheight - collapsibleAdHeight; var DEBUG = false; if (DEBUG) { console.log('-----working RR height = ' + workingRRheight); } var articleDRRModuleList = ["dealposts","products.latest-reviews"], moduleUrls = [], modules = [], moduleCounter = 0, loopCounter = 0; var adPositions = new Array(0,1,3); // IMU, IMU, module, IMU, module if (false) { var dealpostsIdx = articleDRRModuleList.indexOf("dealposts"); if (dealpostsIdx > -1) { articleDRRModuleList.splice(dealpostsIdx, 1); adPositions = [0, 1, 2]; } } for (var i=0; i 650) { numItems = 1; } if (workingRRheight > 1350) { numItems = 2; } if (workingRRheight > 2300) { numItems = 3; } if (workingRRheight > 2950) { numItems = 4; } if (workingRRheight > 3650) { numItems = 5; } for (var currIndex=0;currIndex
"; adDivString = "
" + adString + "
"; IDG.GPT.defineGoogleTagSlot(slotName ,[[320,50],[300,250],[300,50]]); } //$('#drr-container > p').first().before(adDivString); //$('#drr-top-ad').append(adDivString); $(adDivString).appendTo('#drr-top-ad'); if (DEBUG) { console.log("-----Just placed an AD currIndex = " + currIndex); } } else if (moduleCounter < articleDRRModuleList.length){ var elementId = "drr-mod-"+moduleCounter; var moduleDivString = "
"; modules.push(elementId); //$('#drr-container > p').first().before(moduleDivString); $('#drr-top-ad').append(moduleDivString); if (DEBUG) { console.log("-----Just placed a MODULE and currIndex = " + currIndex); } moduleCounter++; } } //end for loop IDG.GPT.trackOmniture(); // Add Right rail module content var placeModule = function( data ) { var placementId = $(data).attr("data-placement-id"); $( "#"+placementId ).html( data ); }; for (i=0; i" + adString + "
"; } } // end function executeDRRDesktop()

Visitors to the U.S. under a visa waiver program are being asked by the Department of Homeland Security for information on their social media accounts, a plan that had drawn criticism from civil rights groups for its potential encroachment on privacy.

The U.S. Customs and Border Protection unit of the DHS asked for written comments earlier this year on its proposal that would add to the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) and to a form called I-94W the following entry: “Please enter information associated with your online presence—Provider/Platform—Social media identifier,” which visitors can fill optionally.

The agency said in June that collecting social media data would provide additional tools to “enhance the existing investigative process and provide DHS greater clarity and visibility to possible nefarious activity and connections.” Although providing the information on social media presence is listed as optional, critics of the plan have said that failure to fill the information by a visitor could also be interpreted as something that requires scrutiny by the authorities.

The current ESTA form asks for information on the “Provider/Platform,” and for the user-name, handle, screen-name or other identifier associated with the social media profile.

ESTA form asks for social media information DHS/IDGNS

ESTA form asks for social media information from visitors to the U.S.

The new field has come into force from Tuesday, according to Politico, which quoted a government official.

The visa-waiver program enables most citizens or nationals of participating countries to travel to the U.S. for tourism or business for stays of 90 days or less without first obtaining a visa, if they meet certain conditions.

Organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union, Center for Democracy & Technology and Electronic Frontier Foundation had criticized the DHS proposal, stating that people who pose a threat to the U.S. are unlikely to volunteer online identifiers that could provide information that would raise questions about their admissibility to the U.S. The groups warned that the measure would most likely affect people of Arab and Muslim communities, whose usernames, posts, contacts, and social networks will be exposed to close scrutiny.

The move by the DHS comes amidst concern that the new administration of President-elect Donald Trump will tighten the scrutiny of entrants into the U.S., with a focus on Muslims.

In a document to be published officially on Friday, the administration of President Barack Obama said it will rescind a special registration system for visitors from countries with mainly majority Muslim and Arab populations, known as NSEERS for National Security Entry-Exit Registration System.

The dormant program, described by the DHS as obsolete, could have been reactivated by Trump to “fulfill his promise to target Muslim immigrants for ‘extreme vetting,’” said the American Civil Liberties Union. A large number of tech employees have signed a pledge not to help build a database for the government that could be used to target people by race, religion or national origin.

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